Why You Need Physical Server Security
While it is true that a lot of the attacks on a system come over the network, a portion of the attacks also run the risk of being from a physical source. There are many things that can be done to improve the security of a server in this situation. The main thing is to make sure that all servers are kept separate from the rest of the company, in a server room. This is a special room that is usually kept at the highest security level and is only allowed access to by the owner of the company and the manager of the network department.
Have everything in one room
The reason for this being a good data center infrastructure solution is that having the servers in rooms that a lot of people can walk in and out of just invites an attack from someone who wants to hack into the company systems. What is to stop someone from walking in and taking a hard disk out of the server computer? Sure, cameras could help maintain security, but it would be so much better to just prevent the robbery in the first place.
In addition to the threat of there being a theft, there is also the chance that someone who doesn’t work with IT will come in and try to change a setting or two on the server. Open access invites ordinary people to come in and make changes that could cause some serious damage. This is why the first data center infrastructure solution is to move the server to a secure location where no harm can come to it. This might require some work to be done with constructing a new server room, but the good outweighs the bad by a large amount.
What else needs to be done?
Now, you do have to keep in mind that the server room needs to be locked at all times. This is the only way in which access to it can be controlled in a good way. There should be a maximum of perhaps 10 people who are able to access the room, and no one else. These are typically the admins of the system and the management.
Ventilation is very important within this type of room. A server is a computer that will run all day with a huge amount of data being processed. If there isn’t air conditioning and ventilation the room will overheat to a high degree and cause damage to the delicate hardware components of the server.